Vietnam is making efforts to find clean and efficient energy sources to meet the growing needs of the developing economy. One of the important projects in this field is the Ninh Thuan nuclear power plant, a project of strategic energy and economic importance for the country. The Ninh Thuan nuclear power plant project has gone through a long development process with many ups and downs, but the Government’s determination and constant efforts have helped it overcome all difficulties.

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History of Ninh Thuan nuclear power plant

nhà máy điện hạt nhân Ninh Thuận

Initial ideas and preparation steps

The idea of ​​building Ninh Thuan nuclear power plant as Vietnam’s first nuclear power plant was put forward in the 1990s. At that time, the country’s energy demand was increasing rapidly, forcing the Government to Research new energy source solutions to ensure national energy security. After many years of research and evaluation, Ninh Thuan was determined to be the ideal location to build Vietnam’s first nuclear power plant.

In 2009, the Government approved the National Electricity Plan for the period 2011-2020, which planned to build two nuclear power plants with a total capacity of 4,000 MW, of which the first plant will be built in Ninh Thuan. After that, preparatory steps such as feasibility studies, environmental impact and safety assessments were implemented.

International cooperation and human resource preparation

To ensure the safety and efficiency of the project, Vietnam has actively cooperated with organizations and countries with experience in the field of nuclear energy such as the European Union, Russia, Japan and Korea. Cooperation agreements have been signed to exchange experiences, transfer technology and train human resources.

At the same time, Vietnam has also actively trained domestic human resources. Training programs have been implemented at universities and research institutes to prepare high-quality human resources for the project.

Obstacles and challenges

However, on the path of development, the Ninh Thuan nuclear power plant project also encounters many difficulties and challenges. After the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident, concerns about nuclear safety sparked much debate and opposition from environmental protection groups and a segment of public opinion. Financial issues are also a major barrier, with investment costs expected to reach tens of billions of dollars.

However, thanks to determination and continuous efforts, the Vietnamese Government has overcome these challenges. Strict safety and control measures were applied, and financial solutions were also researched to ensure the success of the project.

Construction and development process

In 2014, the Comprehensive Cooperation Contract on the Construction of a Nuclear Power Plant in Ninh Thuan was signed with the Russian Atomic Energy Corporation (Rosatom). After that, the construction and equipment installation stages were implemented.

Although it encountered some obstacles due to the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic, thanks to close coordination between relevant parties, the project overcame these difficulties and continued to be built.

Currently, the first phase of the project is in the process of completion, with the goal of bringing the Ninh Thuan nuclear power plant into operation in 2028. The next phase is to expand and develop more plants. other nuclear power to meet the country’s growing energy needs.

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Nuclear power production technology in Ninh Thuan

Ninh Thuan nuclear power plant

Ninh Thuan nuclear power plant is built based on the most modern and safe technology available today, meeting international standards on safety and environmental protection.

Type of reactor used

Pressurized water reactor (PWR)

Ninh Thuan nuclear power plant uses pressurized water reactor (PWR – Pressurized Water Reactor) technology, one of the most popular types of nuclear reactors in the world. This reactor works by using high-pressure hot water to transfer heat from the reactor core to the nacelle, creating steam to turn turbines and produce electricity.

  • Advantage:
    • The technology has been widely used and is highly reliable.
    • Multi-layer safety system, ensuring high safety for the factory.
    • Good energy conversion efficiency, helps save water and energy.
  • Defect:
    • Initial construction and operating costs are high.
    • High technical requirements and precision in operation and maintenance.
    • Electricity production process

Nuclear fission process

Nuclear fission is the main process in a nuclear reactor. When neutrons hit the U-235 nucleus, it will fission into smaller particles and create new energy and neutrons. This energy will be used to heat the water in the reactor.

Heat transfer and steam generation process

Hot water from the reactor core will transfer heat to the reactor jacket, heating the water in the jacket and turning it into steam. This steam will be used to rotate turbines and generate electricity.

Cooling process

Once the steam has passed through the turbine, it is cooled back into water and reused in the repeating process.

Safety and environmental protection

Ninh Thuan nuclear power plant not only focuses on electricity production but also pays special attention to safety and environmental protection. Safety measures such as automatic control system, backup cooling system, lightning protection system, etc., are applied to ensure the safe operation of the factory.

At the same time, radioactive waste treatment and cooling water management are also carried out according to strict standards to ensure no impact on the surrounding environment.

Development and expansion plan of Ninh Thuan nuclear power plant

nhà máy điện hạt nhân Ninh Thuận

Ninh Thuan nuclear power plant is not only a power supply project but also an important part of Vietnam’s energy development strategy. The development and expansion plan of Ninh Thuan nuclear power plant is reviewed and promoted to meet the country’s increasing energy needs.

Completion and operation phase

The first phase of Ninh Thuan nuclear power plant is in the process of completion and preparation for operation. Inspection, testing and training of personnel are conducted to ensure the safety and efficiency of operations.

Human resource training is an important part of this process. Engineers, technicians and other personnel will be trained in the operation, maintenance and troubleshooting of nuclear systems. Training also helps them understand safety procedures and comply with regulations related to factory operations.

Once completed, the factory will officially begin operation. During this period, monitoring and supervision will be strictly carried out to ensure all activities run smoothly and safely. Any incident will be handled promptly and accurately to ensure it does not affect the environment and surrounding community.

The completion and operation phase of the Ninh Thuan nuclear power plant marks an important step in providing clean and stable electricity for the country. This process requires professionalism, patience and commitment from all participants to ensure safe and efficient plant operations.

Expand capacity and build a second factory

Plans to expand capacity and build a second nuclear power plant in Ninh Thuan are being considered to meet the country’s growing energy needs. The development of new nuclear power plants will help ensure a stable and sustainable electricity supply for Vietnam.

The construction of a new nuclear power plant will bring many benefits to Vietnam. First, using clean nuclear energy will help reduce greenhouse gas emissions, contributing to minimizing negative impacts on the environment. Second, the construction of a nuclear power plant will create new job opportunities for workers during the construction and operation of the plant.

In addition, capacity expansion and construction of a second nuclear power plant also pose many challenges that need to be carefully considered. There needs to be a detailed plan on safety, environmental protection and management of toxic waste from the factory. At the same time, it is necessary to ensure that the new nuclear power plant will operate efficiently, reliably and safely.

During the implementation of the project to expand capacity and build a second nuclear power plant, close interaction and cooperation with authorities, local communities and experts in the energy field is very important. This helps ensure that the project will be implemented effectively and sustainably, bringing the greatest benefits to both the country and the community.

Research and apply new technology

Ninh Thuan Nuclear Power Plant constantly researches and applies new technology in electricity production. The application of technological advances helps increase efficiency, reduce operations and maintenance costs, and improve the sustainability of the nuclear energy industry.

Some new technologies applied at Ninh Thuan nuclear power plant include:

Smart power grid: Using smart automatic control systems helps manage and adjust electricity production effectively, thereby optimizing plant operations.
Robotics and automation: Using robots and automation systems during factory operations, maintenance, and safety inspections increases precision and worker safety.
Prediction models and data analysis: Use artificial intelligence and data analysis to predict possible problems, thereby providing timely and effective remedial measures.
Renewable energy: Combining nuclear energy technology with renewable energy sources such as wind power and solar power to optimize electricity production in a sustainable and economical way.

Researching and applying new technology not only helps Ninh Thuan nuclear power plant improve production efficiency but also contributes to the sustainable development of the nuclear energy industry in Vietnam. At the same time, the use of advanced technology also helps minimize environmental impact and create a safe working environment for employees.

International cooperation and human resource training

Vietnam continues to cooperate with international partners to exchange experiences, transfer technology, and train high-quality human resources in the field of nuclear energy. Training and developing human resources is an important factor to ensure the safe and efficient operation of nuclear power plants.

Investing in training high-quality human resources in the field of nuclear energy is very important. Vietnam needs a team of professional engineers, technicians and staff who are knowledgeable about nuclear technology and know how to operate and maintain equipment safely and effectively. Therefore, international cooperation to train human resources is necessary to meet Vietnam’s need for high-quality human resources in this field.

Human resource training programs in the field of nuclear energy are often designed according to a learning model that combines theory and practice. Students will learn basic knowledge about nuclear energy, nuclear power plant operating procedures, safety techniques and equipment maintenance. At the same time, they will also participate in practice sessions on actual machines to master the necessary skills.

Vietnam needs to continuously invest in training high-quality human resources in the field of nuclear energy to ensure the safe and efficient operation of nuclear power plants in the future. International cooperation will play an important role in helping Vietnam grasp the latest trends, apply advanced technologies and develop high-quality human resources to serve the sustainable development of the industry. nuclear energy in the country.

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